IMPORTANT NOTE: The Twelve Jyotirlingas - Lord Siva manifested of his own accord in Linga form in many places. Among these, there are twelve Jyotirlingas which are the most prominent and glorious pilgrim centers of India.
The worship of the twelve Jyotirlingtas is superior to all other Lingas, is most potent and brings infinite benefits.
The Siva Purina contains the full details about the emergence of each Jyotirlinga. It presents the twelve Jyotirlingas as the twelve incarnations of Lord Siva.
The twelve Jyotirlingas have also gained great sanctity following the visits of sages and of Sage Adi Sankaracharya (incarnation of Lord Siva). It is said from time immemorial that one acquires infinite merit by visiting these holy places.
The Siva Purina also states that the people who reads or recites the twelve names early in the morning is freed from all sins and attain the fruits of success.
a) Somanatha (Prabhas Patan in Gujarat)
b) Mallikarjuna (Srisailam in Andhra Pradesh)
c) Mahakaleswara (Ujjain)
d) Omkareswara (Mortaka)
e) Vaidyanatha (Purulia Dist) and (Parali)
(Note:As time passed, the exact location of Vaidyanatha temple got mixed up. Therefore there are two contenders for the Vaidyanatha temple namely in the Purulia Dist. of West Bengal and a town named Parali on the border of Maharashtra and Andhra Pradesh.)
f) Nageswara (Dwaraka) and (Aundha)
(Note: The two contenders for the Nageswara temple are located in the town of Dwarka in Gujarat and the town of Aundha in Maharashtra.)
g) Kasi Viswanatha (Varanasi)
h) Bhimasankara (Gauhati) and (Maharashtra)
(Note:The two contenders for the Bhimasankara temple are located in the city of Gauhati in Assam and in Maharashtra on the banks of the river Bhima.)
i) Rameswara (Ramnad Dist. of Tamil Nadu)
j) Tryambaakeswara (Nasik)
k) Kedarnath (Uttar Pradesh)
i) Ghrisheswara (Near Ellora, Maharashtra)