O good lady, a Japa without the behest of the preceptor, holy rites, faith and the prescribed fees is fruitless though the behest might have been secured.
If a mantra is well practiced with the acquisition of behest, attended with holy rites. equipped with faith in me and accompanied by fee it is greatly efficacious.
Dedicating himself thereafter along with his possessions to the preceptor and after undeceitfully worshipping him to his capacity, he shall learn the Mantra and derive knowledge in due order.
O splendid lady, henceforth. I shall recount the procedure for acquiring the mantra. Without it the Mantra is futile and with it, it is efficacious. The futile ones are the following:
Mantra acquired without permission,
Devoid of holy rites.
Devoid of faith.
Devoid of full attention.
That which has been prohibited.
Permitted but devoid of gifts
And indiscriminately repeated always.
The following Mantras are fruitful:
Achieved with permission.
Attended with rituals,
Fully equipped with faith,
Where the mind fully dwells,
And attended with gifts (to the preceptor)
The muttering of the Mantra with high, low or middle accentuation is called the verbal japa.
The mumbling Jana is the one where the tongue throbs and there is a slight utterance. It may not be heard by others or may be slightly heard.
The mental japa is that where the series of letters are thought well and the words and their meaning are pondered over.
The mumbling japa is hundred more times efficacious than verbal and the mental is a thousand times more efficacious than the mumbling japa.
The japa shall be performed by means of the thumb in contact with other fingers (i.e. counting the japas on the rosary).
If japa is performed without the thumb it is futile.
All these are inimical to japa namely anger, arrogance, inebriation, thirst, lethargy, spitting. yawning, seeing a dog or a base man, slumber and pratting.
He shall not perform japa while conversing with others.
If there are hundred and eight beads (of Rudraksa) that rosary is the most excellent (for japa).
The benefit is infinite if the calculation (of Siva's japa) is by knots of the Kusa grass or Rudraksa beads.
The practice and repetition of the japa along with meditation is Mantrayoga.
If performed (japa) in the house, it is ordinarily efficacious. If performed in the cow pen, it is hundred times more, in a holy forest or park, it is thousand times more. On the banks of a river, it is hundred thousand times more.
The japa performed on the seashore in a divine pond, on a mountain, in a temple and in a sacred hermitage has a crore times the benefit. If it is in presence of Siva (Linga) it is endless.
The japa with Rudra as the presiding deity is the most excellent, that with Visnu as the presiding deity is the middling and that with Brahma as the presiding deity is of the lowest quality.
One shall never perform Japa wearing a turban and a coat of mail. If one is naked or one has loosened the knots of hair, or is dirty or is impure or has impure hands, he shall not perform Japa.